India is embroiled in a diplomatic conflict with Canada following the recent killing of a Sikh militant leader who was actively campaigning for a separate Sikh homeland. The violent death of Jaspal Atwal has arisen after a new wave of demands from members of the Sikh diaspora for their own nation in India. While Atwal’s killing is seen as a setback to India-Canada relations, it has brought a long-standing issue to the forefront of public attention.